Mars hour panel


at 11AM


As part of the Mars Day 22 mission, thousands of students joined in with space-themed activities in classrooms alongside fellow schools nationwide.

Mars Hour ran from 11.00 – 12. 01 and 36.968 seconds (GMT) on Monday 14 March – a real Mars hour!

Schools either ran one full Mars Hour of activities or joined for part of the hour – whatever worked for them and their crew.

In Mars Hour we gave a shout out to some of the schools involved and many shared photos so they could be stars too!



Our next mission to Mars (Day) will star another hour of activities and adventures at 11am.

Keep looking up – or follow ESERO-UK on Twitter (@ESERO_UK) and Facebook (@ESEROUK) – for the launch of the exact date for Mars Day 23.

Then you can start planning your own mission to Mars next year!

An array of Mars Hour space-themed activities and resources from ESA, ESERO-UK and Explorify are below. Continue exploring Mars in your classroom…

Space Robots Mars day

Martian Explorers: What are Space Robots?

Science, Design & Technology, Primary, 1 hour (1st in a 6 part series)

What exactly is a robot? How can we use robots in space? Task your students to answer these questions and more as they develop ideas for their very own space robot in the first part of a 6-part series exploring the need for exploration robots on Mars (and beyond!).

PanCam Mars Day

Mars Safari Education: pANcAM pATHFINDER

Maths & Computing, Primary, 1 hour

Help the Rosalind Franklin Rover navigate the Martian terrain with this twist on computer programming. Maths and computing unplugged come together as students are tasked with working together to successfully navigate craters, boulders & cliffs and ensure the Rosalind Franklin Rover makes it to the chosen drill sites.

Mars Rover Mars day

Martian Explorers: How does the ExoMars Rover Work?

Design & Technology, Primary, 1 hour (1st in a 6 part series)

Introduce your students to the Rosalind Franklin (previously ExoMars) rover as they embark on the start of a 6-part journey developing and building their own space rover. Students will learn how different mechanical systems work and understand what it means to be an engineer working on a Martian rover!

Solar Cells Mars Day

Martian Safari Education: Solar Cells

Science, Upper Primary, Lower Secondary, 1 hour

How does a rover keep it’s batteries charged away from home? What extra challenges might a rover face on Mars? Students explore the use of solar panels and how electrical circuits work before working in teams to make their very own solar light that could be used as a warning system for their own space rover.

Mars - Mars Day

Martian Explorers: Can You Help Explore Mars?

Design & Technology, Secondary, 1 hour

Working as a specialised robotics engineer on behalf of the European Space Agency students are asked to design and produce a prototype for a new Mars rover that can be used in future exploration missions. Using the work of the ExoMars programme to help understand what is needed from the Mars rover students will explore the properties of space materials and structures and begin to understand how advanced mechanical systems work.

Extreme environments Mars Day

Could life survive in alien environments?

Biology, Secondary, 1 hour

Could life found in extreme environments on Earth survive elsewhere in the Solar System? In this activity students will look at the characteristics of different places in the Solar System and use fact cards of some example extremophiles to hypothesise which they think might be able to survive in the different extra-terrestrial environments.

Robotic Arm - Mars day

Robotic Arm – Become a space engineer for a day

Science, Primary, 1 hour

Give your students the opportunity to build their very own robotic arm and gain an understanding of why robotic arms can be useful tools, particularly in space!

Sun - Mars day resources

Our Solar System

Science, Primary, 1.5-2 hours

This creative research project allows children working at primary level to discover our closest neighbours in space and develop their communication skills. Working in groups, children research the eight planets, comets and asteroids in our Solar System.

Extreme environments Mars Day

Mini-whoosh bottle

Physics, Chemistry, Secondary, 45 minutes

In this hands on experiment students will investigate what happens to the fuels inside a rocket when they are lit – just like the rocket that will take the Rosalind Franklin Rover to Mars!

hand Mars day resources

Building a bionic hand

Science, Primary, 1-1.5 hours

When humans are working in space, or in environments such as the surface of Mars, they must wear pressurized space suits. The development of bionic hands that can be remotely operated can help to complete tasks which would be difficult or tiring for a human. In this activity students will learn about the bones and muscles of the hand and have an opportunity to build their own bionic hand using everyday materials!

Weather- Mars day resources

The Mars Mission: And Now for the Weather!

Science, Primary, 1 hour

Research and explore weather patterns on Mars and compare them to what we observe on Earth. Studente also learn how to build simple tools to measure wind and rain and compare their readings to those taken on Mars!

Machine - Mars day resources

The Mars Mission: Marvellous Machines

Science, Engineering, Primary, 1-1.5 hours

Become a Martian engineer! Design and build a simple pulley that could be used to transfer samples of Martian soil and test it for signs of life.

Mars 1 - Mars day resources

The Mars Mission: Building on Mars

Design & Technology, Mathematics, Primary, 1-1.5 hours

When astronauts travel to Mars they will need a place to safely live and investigate their surroundings. Challenge your students to build a 3D Martian village using 2D nets. Students can then find out more about how ESA are planning to solve the very same problems on the Moon and Mars!

Alien - Mars day resources

Paxi Video: Do Martians exist?

Science, Primary, 5 minutes

Join Paxi as he investigates the possibility of life on Mars. Looking at the characteristics of living things, he compares them to non-living things. He also looks at microscopic life and how this may be the kind of life that could be found on Mars. Paxi then considers how scientists may find evidence of life on Mars and how the ExoMars Mission will explore this.

Mars 2 - Mars day resources

Paxi Video: The Red Planet

Science, Primary, 5 minutes

In this short animation Paxi, the ESA mascot, explores the Red Planet telling us about past missions and what they have told us about Mars. He travels above the surface pointing out features of the planet and how future missions will search for evidence of life.

Go to Mars with…

Explorify logo

Free Primary Science Activities, 15-30 minutes each

Explorify has over 50 free activities to celebrate all things Mars! Encourage your class to think about what life might be like for humans living on the red planet – what’s the habitat like and how would we have to adapt? Take a closer look at rovers to understand how they’ve been engineered and how they arrive on Mars.